SC to hear review pleas contempt petition against Rahul on May 10

first_imgNew Delhi: The Supreme Court on Monday said it was “little perplexed” over separate listing, contrary to its order, of the pleas seeking review of its verdict in Rafale case and the contempt plea against Congress President Rahul Gandhi for wrongly attributing to the apex court his “chokidar chor hai” remark against Prime Minister Narendra Modi.A special bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi said it had made it clear earlier that both the matters would be heard together but despite that, the contempt petition was not listed for hearing along with the review pleas on Monday. The bench, also comprising Justices S K Kaul and K M Joseph, was told that the contempt petition against Gandhi was listed for hearing on May 10. Also Read – 2019 most peaceful festive season for J&K: Jitendra Singh”We are little perplexed that the two cases are listed on two different dates when the order was that these matters will be heard together,” the bench observed. “This is the problem. There was order for listing both the matters together. We had dictated the order in an open court but it says one case on May 6 and other on May 10. How can this be done?,” it said. After a brief hearing, the bench ordered that the review pleas and contempt petition against Gandhi be listed together for hearing on May 10. “The present matters and contempt petition (criminal)… be listed together on May 10 at 2.00 PM,” the bench said. Also Read – Personal life needs to be respected: Cong on reports of Rahul’s visit abroad”We make it clear that the hearing scheduled for May 10 would be taken up and parties shall make an endeavour to complete the same on the said date. Rejoinder to the replies of Union of India may be filed, in the meantime,” the bench said in its order. At the outset, advocate Prashant Bhushan, who is one of the petitioners in the case along with former Union ministers Yashwant Sinha and Arun Shourie, told the bench that there were three pleas before the court. Bhushan said besides the review plea, there were two other applications — one seeking perjury action against unknown government servants for allegedly misleading the court during the Rafale case hearing earlier and the other for production of certain documents. Bhushan said he would argue on the review plea and application for production of certain documents and the court should allow Shourie to argue on the perjury application. “Where is the connected matter of contempt?,” the bench asked. Senior advocate Vikas Singh, appearing for one of the petitioner lawyers, Vineet Dhandha, referred to the apex court’s April 30 order and said the contempt petition was listed for hearing on May 10. “We had said that both the matters will be listed together,” the bench said. When Bhushan said the court should hear his arguments on the review plea for an hour, the CJI said, “My brother (Justice Kaul) has to take up miscellaneous matters in his court”. After the court dictated the order, Bhushan said that the Centre has not filed reply on the perjury application. Attorney General K K Venugopal, appearing for the Centre, said no notice was issued to the government on the perjury application. To this, the bench told Venugopal, “Did we issue any notice to the application for production of documents? But, you have filed your reply to this application”. Bhushan also told the court that he would file rejoinder to the Centre’s affidavit which was filed last week. Gandhi had made the contemptuous remark, “chowkidar chor hai”, against Modi, which the apex court had said was wrongly attributed to it. The top court had on April 30 given another opportunity to Gandhi for filing one more affidavit for his remark.last_img read more

Security Council extends arms embargo against militia groups in DR Congo

The Security Council today extended its arms embargo and other sanctions against militias operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) until the end of March, underlining that it remains deeply concerned about the presence of unauthorized armed groups, especially in the east of the vast and impoverished country.Council members voted unanimously this morning to maintain the sanctions – consisting of the arms embargo, a travel ban and an assets freeze on those who violate the embargo – until at least 31 March.The 15-member Council expressed serious concern about the situation in the provinces of North and South Kivu and in the Ituri district, close to the border with Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi.The presence of so many active armed groups there “perpetuates a climate of insecurity in the whole region,” the resolution said, referring to the Great Lakes region of Central Africa.Council members reserved the right to adjust the sanctions as appropriate depending on the security situation in the DRC, which has suffered from decades of war and misrule but in 2006 held its first free elections since in more than 45 years.They stressed the need for progress in security sector reform, including integration of the armed forces and reform of the national police, as well as the disarmament, demobilization, repatriation and reintegration of members of both Congolese and foreign armed groups.The embargo was first imposed in 2003 amid concerns that the growth and trafficking of arms was serving to fuel and exacerbate conflicts across the Great Lakes region. The Council also noted the link between the illegal exploitation and trade of natural resources in the DRC and the proliferation of arms.The embargo does not apply to arms and related materiel intended for the use of units of the national army or police as long as those units meet certain criteria. 15 February 2008The Security Council today extended its arms embargo and other sanctions against militias operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) until the end of March, underlining that it remains deeply concerned about the presence of unauthorized armed groups, especially in the east of the vast and impoverished country. read more

SecretaryGeneral calls for greater international cooperation and solidarity

21 December 2009Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for greater collective action as he marked International Solidarity Day during a year when the global financial and economic crisis may have pushed as many as 100 million people into poverty, and as the world faces challenges stemming from climate change to food insecurity. “Solidarity with people affected by poverty and oppression is one of the founding principles of the United Nations,” the Secretary-General said in a message released yesterday, when the Day is observed. “Based on equality, inclusion and social justice, solidarity implies a mutual obligation among all members of society and across the global community.” The Secretary-General called for greater partnerships and cooperation among all development actors, including government, intergovernmental organizations, civil society and the private sector. He noted that Solidarity Day is rooted in the declarations adopted at the Millennium Summit in 2000 in which governments include solidarity as a fundamental value essential to international relations. Meanwhile, the Secretary-General called on Saturday for greater South-South and North-South cooperation. The theme of this year’s International Day for South-South Cooperation, observed on 19 December, was “Innovative Solutions through Inclusive Partnerships,” meant to highlight the need for stronger alliances and coalitions. The Secretary-General noted that two weeks ago in Nairobi, at the High-Level UN Conference on South-South Cooperation, Member States renewed their commitment to pursuing more inclusive avenues for development cooperation. “I encourage the countries of the South to deepen their cooperation, and I urge the North to support those efforts,” he said. “But there need to be more North-South partnerships, too. South-South cooperation should not be seen as a substitute for North-South cooperation, but complementary to it.” read more

Plan to bridge digital divide available for online comments ahead of UN

In a pioneering bid to energize local-level action to help shape an international blueprint for closing the gap between information “haves and have nots,” the results of the second meeting of the preparatory committee for the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) are now available on the Internet at wsis.ap@itu.int. The two-phase World Summit will be held in Geneva from 10 to12 December, and in Tunis from16 to18 November 2005.The UN-guided committee and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the lead agency organizing the WSIS, are encouraging ordinary folks worldwide to log on and make observations and comments on the basic working documents – a draft plan of action and declaration – approved late last month in Geneva. Replies received by 31 May will be included in a reference text highlighting where public contributions might be included in the documents for the Summit.The ITU – a worldwide organization responsible for setting global telecommunications standards – worked with the UN to bring together over 1,500 of the most influential representatives of government and the telecommunications industries for the second preparatory meeting. A compelling international strategy emerged which may, with the help of citizens and local communities, ensure equal access by both developed and developing countries to the potential of new communication technologies (ICTs). The declaration and plan of action available on the ITU web site promote innovative ideas such as a more humanizing role for the Internet and creating a “digital charter” by which economies higher up on the ICT development scale would be bound to help those at the lower end. The information society is seen as inclusive, where all persons, regardless of frontiers, can utilize and share knowledge in any media. The essential elements for creating such a society include a respect for human rights and civil liberties, and the existence of an independent communications media. The draft declaration and action plan will be discussed at the next preparatory meeting in Geneva, scheduled for 15 to 26 September. read more

Illegal land claims helped fuel clashes in DR of Congo UN report

The report, drafted by the Human Rights and Child Protection Sections of the UN Organization Mission in the DRC (MONUC) and submitted this week to the UN Security Council, covers abuses from January 2002 to December 2003, but also includes events leading up to the atrocities of these two years.Driving the conflicts are claims to the region’s productive farmlands and forests, the Kilo Moto gold mine, one of the largest in the world, and other goldfields, potential oil reserves in the Lake Albert basin and rich fish stocks.The report says because of the human rights abuses, which are too many to chronicle comprehensively, it is vital that the Council renew the mission’s Chapter VII mandate when it expires at the beginning of October. Chapter VII of the UN Charter authorizes peacekeeping troops to use force in certain circumstances.Departing Belgian colonists, who had leased land from Lendu traditional chiefs in Ituri, left it during political upheavals in 1973 in the care of its Hema managers. The managers began illegally and secretly to register the land in their own names, especially when a Hema, Zbo Kalogi, became Minister of Agriculture, the report says.”The latest conflict – which has provoked so many of the abuses – was sparked off by a particular land dispute in 1998 when some Hema concessionaires took advantage of the weakened State apparatus to illegally enlarge their estates to the detriment of neighbouring, mostly Lendu, agriculturalists,” MONUC’s report to the Security Council says.Lendu farmers, members of what may be Ituri’s second-largest ethnic group after the Alur, revolted when law enforcement agents came to evict them from their land. They then tried to ruin property belonging to the land-grabbing Hema leaders. Believing there was a Hema conspiracy against them, however, they also punished innocent Hema people in their reprisals, it says.Leaders of increasingly divided rebel factions vying for political power in Ituri, home to 18 ethnic groups, have profited from the ethnic resentments originally generated by the land disputes, the report says.’The pre-transition government in Kinshasa, and the Governments of Rwanda and Uganda all contributed to the massive abuses by arming, training and advising local armed groups at different times,” it says.When the Hema militia, Union de Patriotes Congolais (UPC), took over Ituri’s capital, Bunia, in August 2002 and May 2003, they tried to empty the town of its Lendu, Bira and Nande residents, the last seen as commercial rivals to Hema businesspeople.”Hundreds of Lendu villages were completely destroyed during attacks by Ugandan army helicopters together with Hema militia on the ground,” the report says.Thousands of school children aged 7 to 17 were put into the armed groups of all sides and entire villages were destroyed in the clashes, it says. Women and girls on one side were seized by men on opposing sides and made into “sex slaves” and “war wives,” or were just raped and released.”The chiefs of armed groups took over the roles traditionally held by administrators, businessmen, traditional chiefs and law enforcement officers. They appointed ‘public officers,’ collected local taxes, sold the natural resources of their area of control, arrested civilians, judged them and, in some cases, executed them,” the MONUC report says.Abuses were carried out with total impunity by Ituri and non-Ituri perpetrators alike, it says. Meanwhile, “apart from the delivery of a humanitarian aid shipment early in 2004, humanitarian aid from the Government to the Ituri victims has been negligible.”It adds, however, that by the March 2004 finalization of the report, MONUC had been able to declare Bunia a weapons-free zone and to establish outposts around Bunia at Iga Barriere, Bogoro, Mongbwalu, Marabo, Tchomia, Mahagi and Kpandroma, while patrolling other areas of Ituri. read more

Can Katie Ledecky Break The 8Minute Barrier

We’re on the ground in Rio covering the 2016 Summer Olympics.So far in these Olympics, the 19-year-old freestyle swimming sensation Katie Ledecky has won four medals for the U.S., three of them gold, and shattered the 400-meter world record in stunning fashion. She has just one event left in these games, and it’s the one that rocketed her to prominence in 2012: the 800-meter freestyle. She swam a leisurely 8:12.86 in her qualifying heat on Thursday, which is both an Olympic record and faster than any other woman has ever swum this distance. A repeat swim in the final would assure her a gold medal.Ledecky’s world record in this event — set somewhat unexpectedly at the Arena Pro Swim Series in January in Austin — is 8:06.68. Even before these Olympics began, people have started to wonder whether she might — someday — be able to achieve the unthinkable: Ledecky tends to pace herself about a half-second faster (per 50 meters) in the 400. She swam the middle lengths of her pre-Olympics 400 record in an average of 30.2 seconds, compared with 30.7 in her 800-meter record. If she follows a similar pattern this time, she’ll need to approximately match that 30.2 — which she can do by essentially swimming exactly her 400-meter race, plus an extra 400 meters in the middle at around 30.4 seconds — barely slower than her worst split in that event of 30.3.This is a tall order, indeed. But there are reasons to think it’s not impossible. Ledecky improved her best time in the 200 meters by 0.68 seconds, and in the 400 meters by 1.91 seconds. Let’s compare those improvements to what she needs for eight minutes: A per-lap improvement over 800 similar to what she has done in the 200 and 400 would put her within a few seconds of eight minutes.Does her preliminary time tell us anything? A time of 8:12.86 is a far cry from 8:00, and many of the best world records set in these games have been preceded by near-misses in the earlier rounds. But as a distance event, and as close to guaranteed of advancing as is possible, Ledecky’s time doesn’t tell us much. She was in a comparable situation in the 2015 World Championships in Kazan, Russia, when she put up 8:19.42 in her preliminary heat, a full 8.42 slower than her then-world record of 8:11. And here’s how that turned out: First, a note on how fast eight minutes would be: Since the ban on body-length and non-textile swimsuits in 2009, no woman other than Ledecky has managed to swim under four minutes in the 400-meter freestyle. So eight minutes would literally mean swimming 800 meters faster than anyone else can swim half the distance. But while that sounds crazy, it’s not out of character: Ledecky already swims the 1,500 meters at a faster pace than any other woman swims the 800 meters, and her present 800-meter time would already put her in the 10 fastest women in the 400 meters in the textile era.So can she do it? Perhaps even now?It would definitely take an incredible effort, great even among her great efforts. Using her splits from these Olympics and from her previous best times at each distance, I’ve constructed what this hypothetical 7:59.99 swim would look like, and it doesn’t look easy: She went on to break her record by 3.61 seconds (shattering what was then an 8:10 barrier in the process).A similar 12.08-second improvement on her leisure heat this year would be 5.9 seconds faster than her record, and would put her at 8:00.78. While a jump that large isn’t necessarily implied by the fact that she has done it before, it at least suggests that such an improvement — which would only be slightly larger than what her times and trends already suggest — is credible. And when you’re that close to such a milestone, who knows. A slightly faster reaction time here, a slightly longer sprint at the end there — plus it will be her last race of the games so she should hold nothing back — and the impossible looks a lot more plausible. read more

Ebola nurse Pauline Cafferkey faces disciplinary action for concealing temperature from medics

first_imgPauline Cafferkey enters an isolation tent before boarding an RAF Hercules at Glasgow Airport Credit:Jeff J Mitchell/Getty In February a panel convened by Save The Children, which runs the Kerry Town treatment centre where Miss Cafferkey worked,  said it was satisfied the nurse did not know she was infected when she left Sierra Leone.At the departure airport, her temperature was recorded as 98F (36.7C), which is normal.Justin Forsyth, chief executive of Save the Children, said Miss Cafferkey was “a dedicated humanitarian who worked tirelessly and selflessly in the fight against EbolaLast month Miss Cafferkey spoke for the first time to The Telegraph about the anguish she felt over the misconduct allegations which have lasted for more than 18 months.“I don’t know why it has not been finished. It’s very stressful. It would be nice to have closure,” she said although she has been warned not to talk about the details of the investigation.  Miss Cafferkey spent five weeks working in Sierra Leone, tending to Ebola patients. She twice came close to death – once from Ebola and later from meningitis triggered by the virus.She is still working but cannot continue her old job of home visits as a community nurse because she is currently prevented from driving because of the seizures caused by the meningitis.She said she would like to return to Sierra Leone when she regains full fitness. However the NMC alleges she did not inform screening staff who took her temperature at the airport that she had recently taken paracetamol – which is known to lower fevers – and left the area without reporting her true reading.She is accused of ‘allowing an incorrect temperature to be recorded’ on December 29 2014 which was ‘intended to conceal from Public Health England staff a temperature higher than 100F (38C).’If she is found to have wilfully misled public health workers, she could be struck off the nursing register.After details of the charges emerged, an NMC spokesman said: “Since these proceedings began the NMC has worked closely with Miss Cafferkey and her representatives to reach an outcome that is fair and meets the public interest in this case.”Since the NMC’s case examiners considered the allegations and drafted charges, we have received further evidence.”The final charges the panel will consider will be determined in light of this new material. A process of ongoing review is part of our normal practice in all cases.”Miss Cafferkey and her representatives have co-operated fully throughout this process. Currently we are working towards scheduling the case for a panel to consider on September 13.” Ebola nurse Pauline Cafferkey has been accused of taking paracetamol to lower her temperature so she would pass screening checks at Heathrow Airport.The Scottish medical worker is expected to face a fitness to practice hearing at the Nursing Midwifery Council (NMC) next month where she is accused of concealing her temperature from Public Health England officials.Miss Cafferkey was infected with the deadly virus while working in Sierra Leone in 2014 after travelling to the West African country to help at the height of the Ebola outbreak.She returned to London and then travelled on to Scotland before being diagnosed, and spent almost a month being treated in an isolation unit at London’s Royal Free Hospital.The volunteer recovered but was readmitted to hospital twice after suffering complications linked to the disease, and at one stage fell critically ill.center_img Pauline Cafferkey enters an isolation tent before boarding an RAF Hercules at Glasgow Airport  Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings.last_img read more

Tube drivers set for new strike over displacement of staff

first_img“Our members will be sent out from pillar to post to plug gaps that are solely down to staffing shortages. With massive budget cuts in the pipeline at LU this is a straw in the wind as to how the company expects to operate in the future.“Staff across London Underground are angry and the company would be wise to recognise that.”LU said before last month’s strike: “This dispute concerns the need to move eight‎ train operators in three depots on the Central line.  “These drivers need to move to other depots where they are needed so that we can provide the best possible train service to our customers.” Steve Griffiths, London Underground’s chief operating officer, said: “This threat of strike action is completely unnecessary.”Like any responsible transport authority we regularly examine how we can provide the best possible service to customers, and to achieve this sometimes we need to move staff from locations where they are under-utilised, to the places where they are really needed. We have agreements with the trade unions that enable us to do this.”We have identified eight drivers for whom there is not enough work on the Central line, so we have asked them to move to another line where they would make a real difference to the service our customers receive.” London Underground drivers are to stage a fresh strike in a dispute over “displacement” of staff.Members of the Rail, Maritime and Transport union on parts of the Tube’s Central line will walk out for 15 hours from 9pm on February 21.The drivers went on strike last month in the same dispute, disrupting services on the Central and Waterloo and City lines. Mick Cash, RMT general secretary, said: “RMT negotiators have made strenuous efforts through the Acas machinery to resolve this dispute but the door has been slammed in our faces. “To up the ante, LU have now written to us confirming that they will be bulldozing through the displacements regardless.“Let us be in no doubt, if LU are allowed to get away with this move on the Central line they will start shunting drivers around at the drop of a hat regardless of the consequences. RMT General Secretary Mick Cash Credit:Nick Ansell/PA Wirecenter_img RMT General Secretary Mick Cash  Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings.last_img read more

GRA employee arrested for discharging firearm rounds indiscriminately

A 35-year-old enforcement officer attached to the Guyana Revenue Authority (GRA) is now in police custody after he was caught red handed by police, discharging several rounds from his firearm during the wee hours of Friday morning, for no valid reason.Based on information received, the Mon Repos, East Coast Demerara resident who is also a licenced firearm holder, was in the company of others imbibing at a popular bar on Sandy Babb Street, Kitty, Georgetown at around 01:45hrs.According to a policeman who was on motorcycle patrol at the time, the GRA employee was caught discharging at least three rounds in the air.Police in a subsequent release said that the 35-year-old was detained and his 9MM pistol which contained 13 live rounds in its magazine was lodged.Investigations are on-going. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedGRA employee robbed of loaded firearm in LindenSeptember 17, 2017In “Crime”Dredge owner charged for discharging firearm at former employeeJanuary 9, 2014In “Crime”South Ruimveldt man remanded for discharging loaded firearmSeptember 14, 2016In “Court” read more

As Italian MPs fail to agree on president some cast prank ballot

first_imgITALY’S PARLIAMENT HAS failed to elect a new president during a second round of voting this evening with no candidate winning the required two-thirds of the vote.The majority of the ballots were spoilt by party members from across the political sphere playing for time in the hope of agreeing on a winning candidate.A third vote is set to take place tomorrow morning, and the ballot will continue with two votes a day until a president is elected.As Italian lawmakers failed to agree some cast prank ballots for porn star Rocco Siffredi and actress Sophia Loren.And in a football-mad country some reference to the beautiful game was unavoidable – a vote cast for former Italy and current Republic of Ireland boss Giovanni Trapattoni.Parliament speaker Laura Boldrini was quick to point out – and not tongue-in-cheek – that Siffredi “does not have the prerequisites”, Italian media reported. At 48, the actor is below the age threshold of 50 to be president.Silvio Berlusconi’s wife Veronica Lario also appeared in the voting, along with buxom starlet Valeria Marini – a namesake of serious presidential candidate Franco Marini.“I’m flattered!” said Valeria Marini, adding: “I know it was ironic but I’m still pleased”. She still declined and said: “It’s important that the right choice is made. The president is a lynchpin.”As the names were read out, there were peals of laughter and bursts of applause in parliament – despite the gravity of the moment as a two-month political crisis drags on.Consensus candidateJust hours before the first vote, Italy’s two main political blocs had agreed to back Franco Marini, a pipe-smoking 80-year-old seen as having formidable political skills.But leftist leader Pier Luigi Bersani’s bid to clinch a deal with his rival Silvio Berlusconi over Marini infuriated many within the centre-left bloc and rebel voters came out in support for Stefano Rodota, a widely respected 79-year-old human rights advocate.Voters from Bersani’s Democratic Party (PD) were set to meet before Friday’s vote in a bid to find a common candidate, after young members of the party protesting against Marini seized and occupied a PD branch in Tuscany.Slammed as having neither public support nor international standing, Marini failed to garner enough support in either vote and Walston said the former Christian Democrat was likely out of the running.Dissidents said they would not vote for such an establishment figure and many across the left accused Bersani of cosying up to scandal-tainted ex-premier Berlusconi and the right.The voting to elect a successor to President Giorgio Napolitano brings together both chambers of parliament as well as regional representatives, with a total of 1,007 people eligible to vote.A candidate must be supported by a two-thirds majority in the first three rounds of voting or by a simple majority from the fourth vote onwards.Experts said the parties would likely spoil their ballots in the third round tomorrow morning before voting properly in the fourth.- © AFP 2013Read: Italian president buys time in political deadlocklast_img read more

Love summer BBQs We want to know Irelands favourite burger toppings

first_img If in doubt, add bacon. And ketchup. Image: Unsplash/Niklas Rhose Jun 13th 2018, 7:31 PM Image: Unsplash/Niklas Rhose Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article http://jrnl.ie/4067357 Wednesday 13 Jun 2018, 7:30 PM 40 Comments Love summer BBQs? We want to know Ireland’s favourite burger toppings Tell us and you could win a €50 voucher towards your next Big Shop.center_img If in doubt, add bacon. And ketchup. Share Tweet Email Short URL GHERKINS AND MUSTARD? Red cabbage slaw? Or tomato ketchup, plain and simple?Cooking up a great burger is simple enough. You need good quality meat, a hot grill and a healthy appetite. But finding the perfect burger topping is a little bit trickier.As part of TheJournal.ie‘s brand new Lidl Food Magazine, each week we’ll be asking our readers to share their cooking tips, kitchen hacks and go-to-dishes. From the secret to great roast potatoes to the best way to scramble an egg, we’ll have a new question every seven days.This week, we’re asking…What’s your favourite burger topping?Simply comment below or email food@thejournal.ie to tell us your go-to burger accompaniment and why you love it.You could see your response in the first issue of the Lidl Food Magazine – and the best response this week will win a €50 Lidl voucher. Perfect for your next Big Shop.Want to be included every week?We’re building a panel of home cooks and foodies from our readers to answer our weekly question and share their kitchen hacks. If you’re interested (and fancy the chance to win a few prizes from Lidl along the way), send us a mail on food@thejournal.ie with ‘Home Cooks Panel’ in the subject line. Be sure to include:Your nameYour contact detailsWhat kind of foods you like cooking best 15,178 Views By Paula Lynelast_img read more

En images Madagascar pays de la biodiversité

first_imgEn images : Madagascar, pays de la biodiversitéMadagascar – La quatrième plus grande île du monde, située dans l’océan Indien, est un fantastique écosystème où évoluent animaux et plantes rares.S’il est l’un des pays les plus pauvres du monde, Madagascar héberge sur ses terres une richesse extraordinaire pour la planète : espèces animales, végétales, paysages et climats, l’île cultive la diversité. Les Hautes-Terres, de plus de 800 mètres d’altitude, côtoient les plaines où coulent de nombreux cours d’eau. Deux saisons rythment l’année : la saison sèche d’avril à octobre et la saison des pluies, de novembre à mars. Enfin, la diversité des paysages fait la beauté de l’île : les récifs de corail, les plages de sable fin, les allées de baobabs, la jungle aquatique, les savanes… se concentrent sur ces terres uniques au monde. C’est grâce à cette grande diversité que de nombreuses espèces ont pu se développer à Madagascar de manière endémique. En effet, environ 90% des plantes et 80% des animaux de l’île n’existent nulle part ailleurs dans le monde. Sept espèces de baobabs se trouvent actuellement sur l’île, alors qu’il n’en reste plus qu’une en Afrique. On y trouve également 1.200 espèces d’orchidées dont la vanille, 150 espèces de palmiers ainsi que des milliers de plantes médicinales.En ce qui concerne la faune, riche de 200.000 espèces, 150.000 ne se trouvent nulle part ailleurs dans le monde. Madagascar abrite la quasi-totalité des lémuriens de la planète, la moitié des espèces de caméléons, et 6% des grenouilles. La faune marine est elle aussi très riche mais encore peu connue. Malheureusement, la déforestation en partie illégale détruit tout : la biodiversité de l’île se trouve menacée par cette pratique et par le développement des activités agricoles. Plusieurs espèces risquent ainsi de disparaître sans même avoir été découvertes. Les autorités se sont pourtant engagées, depuis la fin des années 80, à protéger l’environnement de cette île unique au monde. De plus en plus de grandes enseignes touristiques et pharmaceutiques s’engagent elles aussi et depuis peu à protéger cet environnement. La dégradation de l’écosystème de Madagascar pourrait en effet entraîner une perte économique considérable de plusieurs milliards d’euros. Découvrir l’île et sa biodiversité en images :  https://www.maxisciences.com/madagascar/madagascar-une-faune-et-une-flore-exceptionnelles_art5735.htmlLe 11 février 2010 à 13:05 • Emmanuel Perrinlast_img read more

Prix Goldman 2011 six héros de lenvironnement récompensés

first_imgPrix Goldman 2011 : six héros de l’environnement récompensésComme chaque année depuis plus de vingt ans, six “héros de l’environnement”, venus des quatre coins du monde, se sont vus décerner un prix Goldman. Ces six “prix Nobel” de l’environnement, tels qu’ils sont considérés, récompensent de 150.000 dollars des militants anonymes qui sur les six continents, oeuvrent pour la sauvegarde de la planète.La 22e cérémonie de remise des Prix Goldman s’est tenue lundi dernier à San Francisco, ville où ils ont été crées en 1990 par M. Richard N. Goldman et sa femme Rhoda, des “leaders communautaires et philanthropes” qui ont souhaité récompenser les héros locaux de l’environnement, raconte le site Goldmanprize. Chacun des lauréats recevra la somme de 150.000 dollars pour poursuivre son action en faveur de la préservation des richesses naturelles de la planète. Il s’agit de “la plus grande récompense au monde offerte aux défenseurs de l’environnement à titre individuel”.En Amérique Centrale et du Sud, c’est l’engagement de Francisco Pineda, vivant au Salvador, qui a été récompensé. Cet homme a permis d’empêcher l’exploitation d’une mine d’or, afin de préserver l’approvisionnement en eau de la région. Il a reçu de nombreuses menaces de mort pour cette action. Bien loin de là, en Allemagne, Ursula Sladek a été honorée pour la zone Europe. Elle est la fondatrice de la première entreprise fournissant de l’énergie renouvelable en Allemagne. Une société qu’elle a mise en place suite à la catastrophe nucléaire de Tchernobyl, en 1986.Dans la catégorie des Etats insulaires, c’est le biologiste indonésien Prigi Arisandi qui a été récompensé, pour avoir initié un mouvement de protestation contre la pollution industrielle d’une rivière située près de Surabaya, l’une des villes les plus peuplées d’Indonésie. Cette rivière permet d’approvisionner en eau quelque trois millions de personnes.Aux Etats-Unis, le prix a été remis à Hilton Kelley, qui lutte pour la défense des victimes les plus  touchées par la pollution de l’industrie pétrochimique sur la côte texane. Pour la région Afrique, c’est Raoul du Toit, habitant du Zimbabwe, qui a été récompensé pour son combat pour la préservation des rhinocéros noirs, une espèce menacée par le braconnage. En Asie enfin, le Russe Dmitri Lisitsyn a été honoré pour son engagement envers l’écosystème de l’île de Sakhaline, dont la richesse est menacée par l’industrie pétrochimique.Le 13 avril 2011 à 11:08 • Maxime Lambertlast_img read more

Man in court in alleged assault on officers

first_imgUPDATE: David Thomas was convicted by a Clark County Superior Court jury in January 2019 of attempted first-degree assault, second-degree assault, third-degree assault and a domestic violence court order violation, and was sentenced in March to 11.5 years in prison, court records show._____________________________________________________________________________________________________________A transient man accused of stabbing a Vancouver police officer in the arm, punching another in the face and swinging at a third early Saturday morning made a first appearance in Clark County Superior Court.David Thomas, 25, appeared Monday on suspicion of first-degree assault on an officer, third-degree assault on an officer and a domestic violence court order violation.At about 3:50 a.m. Saturday, the officers responded to the Chevron station at 210 E. Mill Plain Blvd., for a call about a no-contact order violation, according to an affidavit of probable cause.Thomas’ former girlfriend, who has a restraining order against him, told police that she went to the area of 12th and Franklin streets to drop off a suitcase of his belongings. She did not intend to have contact with him, she said, but he got into her car and refused to get out. The woman threatened to call police, but Thomas still refused. She drove to the gas station, where she called police, according to a separate probable cause affidavit.last_img read more

Vancouver woman injured in early morning I5 collision

first_imgA Vancouver woman was injured Friday morning in a crash on Interstate 5 southbound near Mill Plain Boulevard.Elise D. Hudson, 24, of Camas was driving her 1996 GMC Yukon in the center lane at 6:45 a.m. When traffic slowed, she swerved into the right lane, striking the driver’s side of a 2005 Dodge Stratus driven by Lindsay Schmidt, 32, of Vancouver, according to a memo from the Washington State Patrol.Schmidt was transported to Legacy Salmon Creek Medical Center, where she was treated and released. Hudson was not injured. She was cited for an unsafe lane change, according to the memo.last_img read more

USPS Exigent Rate Hike Nullified…Sort Of

first_img The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit said Friday that the justification for the Postal Service’s 4.3-percent exigent rate hike has expired. Lower mailing volumes brought on by the recession should be recognized as a “new normal,” removing the defense for higher pricing intended to make up for lost earnings. The ruling affirmed the stance the Postal Regulatory Commission took when it approved the exigent rate increase in late 2013. Subsequently, the USPS attempted to override the imposed limits, arguing that the hike should become permanent. Critically however, the court said that the method used by the PRC to arrive at an expiration date for the rate increase—the “count once” standard—was insufficient. Timing restrictions on mail volume tabulation were ruled “arbitrary”; a better estimation of mail volume lost from the recession needs to be calculated. That leaves the original August finish line for the price hike in doubt. A federal appeals court ruled that the USPS will have to roll back its exigent rate hike in a big win for magazine publishers struggling to keep distribution costs down (or, at least, consistent), but exactly when that will happen is still in doubt. “We are pleased that the court recognized that exigent circumstances are not permanent and that the Postal Service must adjust to lowered mail volumes as its ’new normal,’ says Mary Berner, president and CEO of the MPA, in a statement. “We are very pleased that the court upheld the Commission’s conclusion that the exigent surcharge should not be applied permanently,” says David LeDuc, senior director of public policy for the SIIA. “That said, there is still a considerable amount of uncertainty around rates going forward. Unfortunately, it is unlikely that August will bring the end of the exigent rate increase, as expected.” “Just because some of the effects of exigent circumstances may continue for the foreseeable future, that does not mean that those circumstances remain ‘extraordinary’ or ‘exceptional’ for just as long,” Judge Patricia Millett wrote in her opinion.last_img read more

Lynk Cos 03 Cyan concept sets two Ring records at once

first_img Tags Lynk & Co 03 Concept sedan peeks out ahead of Shanghai Motor Show Concept Cars Car Industry Performance Cars 17 Photos 2020 Hyundai Palisade review: Posh enough to make Genesis jealous Share your voice 2020 Lincoln Aviator plug-in hybrid first drive: This changes everything More From Roadshow Polestar 1: World’s first drive in Sweden Now playing: Watch this: 2020 BMW M340i review: A dash of M makes everything better 0 5:37 Post a comment Now, it’s been easy to make jokes about Geely-owned Chinese car startup Lynk & Co because it has a dumb name and its cars are a little odd-looking, but it’s been able to use its partnership with former-Polestar racing arm Cyan to do something incredible.The company announced on Friday that it had used its 03 Cyan Concept — a front-wheel-drive four-door sedan — to set a lap time around the Nurburgring Nordschleife of just 7 minutes 20.143 seconds, thereby snagging the record for fastest four-door car from the jaws of Jaguar’s Project 8 and the fastest front-wheel drive record from Renault.If that sounds totally nutty, and in defiance of all the laws of physics, we’d agree. The Lynk & Co 03 Cyan produces 528 horsepower from its 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine and sends all that power through a six-speed sequential transaxle and out to the front wheels only. That all amounts to fairly major demands on the poor, tortured front tires on the 03.We’re not sure what kind of weird, dark Lovecraftian witchery that the front axle of the 03 Cyan is using, or what kind of longevity the engine will have while under that much stress, but we know we want to have a go in it.The record(s)-setting lap was done by Swedish driver Thed Björk (no, not that Björk) who is best-known for clinching the 2017 World Touring Car Championship as well as the Scandinavian Touring Car Championship for three years running.last_img read more

AISF celebrates foundation day

first_imgECIL: All India Students’ Federation (AISF) foundation day was celebrated on a grand note at Neelam Rajasekhar Reddy Bhavan on Monday. AISF leader Satyaprasad said there was a need for strengthening higher education system in the country. He said students and youth should reap the fruits of independence. AISF former state executive member Dharmendra, District secretary Vishal, and others were present.last_img

Braiding may be key to using time crystals in quantum computing

first_imgThe braiding method in the new study consists of a four-step process that involves slowly tuning the parameters of the system that generates the Majorana time crystals. In each step, the 0 and π modes are shifted, so that at the end of the entire process, the sequence of transformations results in one complete braiding operation that resets the system to its initial configuration. In the future, time crystals may lead to new ways to perform certain quantum computational tasks. With this goal in mind, the physicists also showed that their quantum control protocol can be applied to time crystals to generate “magic states,” which are a basic requirement for quantum computing. “Braiding time crystals is potentially useful for quantum computation because we exploit their time-domain features and thus obtain more qubits for encoding information, and hence achieve savings in hardware,” Gong said.In the future, the physicists plan to further explore the possibilities of braiding time crystals. For one thing, they expect that extending braiding from one superconducting wire to an array of wires may allow them to simulate more intricate braiding processes.”Given that we have now shown how the time dimension can be used as a resource for performing quantum computation, one future direction we have in mind will be to explore the possibility of storing and manipulating information with even fewer physical resources by enlarging the system in the time direction and by making use of more Majorana modes in periodically driven quantum wires,” Gong said. “As a long-term goal, we plan to use this idea to design a robust quantum computer architecture with an optimal amount of resources—that is, one that is relatively small in physical size, but does not take a very long time to operate.” Braiding time crystals. Credit: Bomantara and Gong. ©2018 American Physical Society Physicists propose method for braiding light Over the past few years, physicists have predicted that a new form of matter called time crystals may have potential applications in quantum computing. Now in a new study, physicists Raditya Weda Bomantara and Jiangbin Gong at the National University of Singapore have taken some of the first steps toward showing exactly how that might be done. They theoretically demonstrate that, by braiding two different modes of time crystals, it’s possible to generate the states that are necessary to perform universal quantum computation. Citation: Braiding may be key to using time crystals in quantum computing (2018, June 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-06-braiding-key-crystals-quantum.html © 2018 Phys.org Journal information: Physical Review Letters More information: Raditya Weda Bomantara and Jiangbin Gong. “Simulation of Non-Abelian Braiding in Majorana Time Crystals.” Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.230405Also at arXiv:1712.09243 [quant-ph] Time crystals have attracted the attention of physicists since the concept was first proposed by Frank Wilczek in 2012. Five years later, in 2017, time crystals were experimentally realized for the first time. Just as ordinary crystals are characterized by their repeating patterns in space, time crystals—which are always moving—have the unique feature that their motion exhibits repeating patterns in time. To realize a time crystal, a periodically driven laser sets the particles in a superconducting loop in motion. When the system is manipulated in a precise way, the particles’ motion collectively synchronizes in a periodic manner, resulting in a time crystal.In the new study, Bomantara and Gong have developed a method for harnessing the unique properties of time crystals for quantum computing that is based on braiding. To do this, they turned to a particular type of time crystal called a Majorana time crystal, whose name comes from the way it’s created, which is from the quantum coherence between two types of Majorana edge modes (0 and π) in a superconducting chain. The reason for choosing Majorana time crystals is that they share similarities with a type of quasiparticle called non-Abelian anyons, which can be braided and have recently been considered as a potential component of a topological quantum computer. By making use of this connection to non-Abelian anyons, the physicists showed that it’s possible to mimic non-Abelian braiding in Majorana time crystals.”Loosely speaking, braiding refers to exchanging the location of two particles,” Gong told Phys.org. “In order to carry out this exchange, the particles are to be systematically moved around each other in such a way that if we draw the paths traversed by the two particles in spacetime, they form a braid. We know in real life that there are different types of braids, and that converting one braid to another requires certain operations that nature cannot do by itself. As a result, by storing information in these different types of braids, we can manipulate this information (hence performing quantum computation) by changing one type of braid to another (hence called braiding) without worrying that some external disturbance may destroy them.” Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more